Investing in Canada plan programs delivered through Infrastructure Canada

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Overview


Infrastructure Canada's progress on Budget 2016 Programs

Of the $14.4 billion in total new funding made available through Budget 2016, $2 billion over three years was made available through Infrastructure Canada's Clean Water and Wastewater Fund (CWWF) to provide communities with more reliable water and wastewater systems. Through the Public Transit Infrastructure Fund, Budget 2016, also made immediate investments of $3.4 billion over three years, to upgrade and improve public transit systems across Canada.

On April 22, 2016, Minister Amarjeet Sohi wrote to his provincial and territorial counterparts to open the negotiations towards the signature of bilateral agreements for both of these programs (see the letters here). In the following months, the Government of Canada worked closely with all provinces and territories to sign bilateral agreements. In the following months, the Government of Canada worked closely with all provinces and territories to sign bilateral agreements and funding is now flowing to Canadian communities. Please see the Progress tracker for more information about these investments.

Infrastructure Canada's progress on Budget 2017 Programs

Of the $81.2 billion in total new funding committed through Budget 2017, $33 billion funding will be delivered through bilateral agreements between Infrastructure Canada and each of the provinces and territories. This federal investment includes four funding streams to be delivered over the next decade:

$20.1 billion for public transit;

The Public Transit funding stream will provide a total of $20.1 billion to invest in the construction, expansion, and improvement of public transit infrastructure, including active transportation projects—such as new bike and pedestrian pathways—that connect to public transit hubs. These kinds of investments provide a range of benefits, from reducing air pollution to improving commutes.

Funding for public transit is being allocated according to a formula based on ridership (70%) and population (30%). This blended formula balances demands on existing systems, while providing support for expected population growth. Within each jurisdiction, funding will be further allocated to existing public transit systems based solely on their respective ridership, with some flexibility possible to address regional requirements.

$9.2 billion for green infrastructure;

Reflecting the wide range of infrastructure needs that fall within this category, the Green Infrastructure funding stream is divided into three sub-streams:

  • Climate Change Mitigation—supporting projects such as cleaner energy generation, cleaner transportation initiatives and others that will reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;
  • Adaptation, Resilience and Disaster Mitigation—helping to make communities more resilient by investing in projects that enable them to better withstand and mitigate the impacts of climate change; and
  • Environmental Quality—building healthier communities through investments in clean, safe drinking water, sewage treatment, and reducing or remediating soil and air pollutants. 

Under the Green Infrastructure stream, each province and territory receives a base amount of $200 million, with the remaining funds allocated according to population, using 2016 Statistics Canada Census data.

$1.3 billion for community, culture and recreation infrastructure;

Recognizing the role that engaged, active citizens play in assuring the strength of our communities, the Community, Culture and Recreation Infrastructure stream will provide funding for infrastructure projects that improve social inclusion and civic engagement. These investments will include, for example, new, expanded or renewed community hubs and centres, cultural and recreational installations and facilities.

The Community, Culture and Recreation Infrastructure stream provides a base amount of $25 million for each province and territory, ensuring smaller jurisdictions receive meaningful funding. The remainder of the funds available under this stream will be allocated on a per capita basis, using 2016 Statistics Canada Census data.

$2.4 billion for wide-ranging infrastructure needs in rural and northern communities.

The Rural and Northern Communities Infrastructure stream will invest $2 billion to support the unique and wide-ranging infrastructure priorities of small, rural and remote communities, from community facilities and local roads to cleaner energy systems and access to high-speed internet.

In addition, the $400 million Arctic Energy Fund, will be delivered under this stream. This Fund will support energy security in communities in the North, including Indigenous communities, by investing in upgrades to existing fossil fuel-based energy systems, as well as supplementing or replacing these systems with renewable energy options—improving energy reliability and efficiency as well as reducing pollution.

Under the Rural and Northern Communities Infrastructure Stream, a base amount of $75 million will go to each province, and $150 million to each territory, with the remaining funding allocated on a per capita basis, according to the populations of communities under 30,000 in each jurisdiction.

The Arctic Energy Fund will be distributed among the three territories—$175 million each to the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, with $50 million allocated to Yukon.

Allocations by Province and Territory
 

PUBLIC TRANSIT
Based on a ridership (70%) and per capita (30%) formula

GREEN
Based on a $200 million base amount and a per capita formula

COMMUNITY, CULTURE & RECREATION
Based on a $25 million base amount and a per capita formula

RURAL AND NORTHERN COMMUNITIES
Base amount of $75 million to each province, and $150 million to each territory and a per capita basis formula according to the populations of communities under 30,000 in each jurisdiction.This includes $400 million Arctic Energy Fund in the territories

TOTAL ALLOCATION

Newfoundland & Labrador

$109,071,324

$302,364,807

 $39,768,539

$104,638,175

$555,842,846

Prince Edward Island

$27,063,775

$228,147,387

$29,060,925

$82,705,236

$366,977,323

Nova Scotia

$289,589,324

$381,914,606

$51,245,475

$105,743,756

$828,493,161

New Brunswick

$165,202,662

$347,151,232

$46,230,038

$114,633,636

$673,217,569

Québec *

$5,182,392,771

$1,808,076,797

$257,003,028

$288,465,324

$7,535,937,919

Ontario **

$8,340,401,116

$2,848,855,330

$407,159,893

$250,067,117

$11,846,483,456

Manitoba ***

$546,139,840

$451,790,568

$61,326,732

$112,819,014

$1,172,076,153

Saskatchewan

$307,871,025

$416,334,673

$56,211,382

$115,905,927

$896,323,008

Alberta

$2,096,548,228

$1,001,082,871

$140,575,109

$159,650,831

$3,397,857,038

British Columbia ***

$2,691,101,894

$1,115,494,721

$157,081,719

$166,001,827

$4,129,680,161

Yukon

$9,944,170

$207,065,850

$26,019,416

$202,587,865

$445,617,300

Northwest Territories

$8,344,774

$208,230,295

$26,187,414

$328,014,343

$570,776,826

Nunavut

$6,067,664

$207,079,637

 $26,021,405

$327,592,915

$566,761,621

TOTAL

$19,779,738,568

$9,523,588,774

$1,323,891,073

$2,358,825,966

$32,986,044,381

* Allocation amounts for Quebec include $1.283 billion that could be used for Montreal's light rail network (Réseau électrique métropolitain).
** Allocation amounts for Ontario include over $1.091 billion for Ottawa Light Rail Phase 2 and $384.2 million for Port Lands Flood Protection and Enabling Infrastructure project.
*** Allocation amounts for British Columbia and Manitoba include $212.3 million for Lions Gate Wastewater Treatment Plant (BC) and $247.5 million for Lake Manitoba/Lake St. Martin Outlet Channel flood mitigation (MB) announced in Budget 2016.
The difference between the totals of provincial and territorial allocations and the numbers for each stream in the above text is due to the removal of federal administration costs prior to allocation to each province and territory. Administration costs for each province and territory will come from their allocations in the chart above.


Cost Sharing

Under the integrated bilateral agreements, Canada will invest up to:

  • 40% of municipal* and not-for-profit projects in the provinces;
  • 50% of provincial* projects;
  • 75% for projects in the territories and for projects with Indigenous partners;
  • 25% of for-profit private sector projects (except in the Community, Culture and Recreation Stream, where for-profit private sector projects are not eligible).

Provinces will have to cost-share on municipal projects at a minimum of 33.33% of eligible costs.

* For public transit, Canada will provide up to 50% for rehabilitation projects and up to 40% for new public transit construction and expansion projects.
* For projects under the Rural and Northern Communities stream, Canada will invest up to 50% for provincial, municipal and not-for-profit projects, and up to 60% for municipal projects in the provinces where the municipalities have a population of less than 5,000.

Climate Lens

There are important links between public infrastructure and climate change, which is why climate change mitigation and adaptation needs to be considered in the investment decision-making process. Infrastructure Canada's 2018 Bilateral Agreements with provinces and territories include a requirement to apply a Climate Lens assessment for certain projects. It also applies to all Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund projects and any winning proposals dealing with mitigation and adaptation under the Smart Cities Challenge. To assist project proponents, Infrastructure Canada has developed a guidance document found here: Climate Lens General Guidance to support carrying out these assessments. In addition, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Canadian Centre for Climate Services can provide guidance and resources to be used for making climate-smart decisions when planning for the future.

Community Employment Benefits

Infrastructure Canada's 2018 Bilateral Agreements with provinces and territories include a requirement to consider how under-represented groups can benefit from infrastructure projects, with the goal of building more inclusive communities. Benefits to the community such as training and job opportunities, as well as procurement opportunities are possible through public infrastructure projects. This requirement also applies to the Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund projects and the Smart Cities Challenge. To assist project proponents, Infrastructure Canada has developed a guidance document found here: Community Employment Benefits General Guidance.

Provinces and Territories

Information about the agreements with each province and territory can be found below.

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